Nature and humankind (Prakriti and Purusha) are considered to be inseparable parts of the life support system. Human beings live in the realm of nature. They are surrounded by it and interact with it. This interdependency is termed as ecology which ought to be balanced for the existence of any living. Traditional cultures have always lived in harmony with their natural environments. The Bhumi Suktam in the Atharvaveda is said to be the most impressive and powerful testament to ecological values that can be found anywhere in the world of literature.
Unluckily, this balance has been skewed by human beings through the ages. This has turned out to be a serious threat to civilizations, wildlife, and vegetation. The transformation of man from primitive hunter and forager gradually reflected unfavorably on nature. The destruction of flora and fauna of earth lead to catastrophic earth breaks as well. The disappearance of various major civilizations, like Indus Valley, were the monuments of man’s misuse of land. Advancements in technology also led to the erosion of natural resources in a hurry. Mining and deforestation for industries and habitation resulted in lesser rainfall and infertility. This paved way to the loss of agriculture economy and also wildlife existence. By using chemical fertilizers instead of natural ones, the modern man also destroyed predators of pests. Moreover, the use of these pesticides polluted the air, water, and soil.
Now it’s high time to understand the fact that human ecology is an integral part of nature conservation. The future of mankind highly depends upon human ecology. Conservation of nature and preservation of wildlife is now a matter of satisfaction through various growing awareness programs. Any sort of development should be in harmony with the environment, and renewable resources like groundwater and forests should be used at a rate at which they are being replenished by nature.
In our later posts, we will discuss more human ecology