Generally, responsive means to react positively and quickly to any change. Many of the websites aren’t optimized for all types of devices. There are different screen sizes across desktops, tablets, phones, TVs etc., so it is important that the websites should be able to adapt to any screen size. Creating a website version for all devices in different resolution is not practical.
The responsive Website design responds to the needs of the users and the devices based on platform, screen size, and orientation. In the responsive Website design, the website can automatically switch to accommodate any resolution, scripting abilities, and image size. For developing a responsive Website design, we should be aware of fluid grids, flexible images, and media queries.
Fluid grids are an important part of developing a responsive Website design. For creating a responsive Website design, we use percentage based layout design instead of pixel based layout design. The web professionals will use maximum layout size for developing a design and the grid divided into a particular number of columns to keep the layout easy to handle and clean. Then we have to design each element with proportional heights and widths instead of pixel based dimensions. Therefore, the elements should be able to automatically adjust the widths and heights of the different browsers.
Another important key aspect of developing a responsive design is the use of flexible images. For getting a flexible image, the professionals should be aware to set the maximum width of an image at 100%. CSS3 offers a background image that allows you to size the image in percentages by height and width. By using CSS3, we can even set the background image size to its container and it helps to scale an image along with the browser window. The use of maximum width for an image means that an image won’t go beyond the width of its container. This flexible image can automatically adjust its width and height according to the browser window.
The rapid spread of tablets, smart phones, and other devices has turned the web design upside down. In this world of technology, the challenge for web designers is to make sure that the website looks excellent not only on the big screen but also on every screen of any devices. Media queries are an efficient method to provide different styles to different devices. Media Query contains media type and media features. CSS3 media queries support all the media types such as a screen, handheld, and print and it has added some new media features like device width, maximum width, color, and orientation.
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